Naturalization and Citizenship

Naturalization and Citizenshipimmigration-family

The Constitution and laws of the United States give many rights to both citizens and non-citizens living in the United States. However, some rights are only for citizens, such as:

  • Jury duty
  • Eligibility for political office
  • Unrestricted travel rights
  • Voting rights
  • Protection from deportation (by contrast, green card holders can be deported)
  • Shorter waiting times if applying for relatives abroad
  • Fewer restrictions on estate taxes
  • Full social security benefits if retiring abroad (green card holders only eligible for 50% benefits)
  • Eligibility for government jobs
  • In certain cases, automatic acquisition of derivative citizenship for children under 18, without a separate application

Responsibilities

To become a U.S. citizen you must take the Oath of Allegiance. The Oath includes several promises you make when you become a U.S. citizen, including promises to:

  • Give up all prior allegiance to any other nation or sovereignty; 

  • Swear allegiance to the United States;

  • Support and defend the Constitution and the laws of the United States; and

  • Serve the country when required.

 

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